FAS and other spectrum disorders affect children differently. They can include: Alcohol -- including wine, beer, and liquor -- is the leading preventable cause of birth defects in the U. In the womb, a baby doesn't have a fully developed liver that can process alcohol, so it can easily get to and damage the baby's organs.
Some of the most severe problems happen when a pregnant woman drinks in the first trimester, when the baby's brain starts to develop.
Fetal Alcohol Effects can also be separated into two different categories: Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) and Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD).
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is one of the most common causes of mental retardation and is the only one that is 100% preventable. The effects of FAS include mental retardation, malformations of the skeletal system and major organ systems (specifically the heart and brain), inhibited growth, central nervous system complications, poor motor skills, mortality, and difficulty with learning, memory, social interaction, attention span, problem solving, speech and/or hearing.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are a group of birth defects that can happen when a pregnant woman drinks alcohol.
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most severe type of the disorder.
People with FAS sometimes experience problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision, hearing or any combination of these effects.
These conditions can cause difficulties in school and problems getting along with others.
The two categories for Fetal Alcohol Effects are Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) and Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD): ARND describes the mental and behavioral impairments such as learning disabilities, poor school performance, poor impulse control, and problems with memory, attention and/or judgment.
Chromosomes carry the genes that determine how we develop. Problems can occur when sperm or egg cells are produced, which can lead to a baby having an extra chromosome. In Down's syndrome, there is an extra copy of chromosome 21 in each cell.
A baby born with Down's syndrome will have a learning disability.
Pregnant women are offered a screening test for Down's syndrome, Edwards' syndrome and Patau's syndrome from 10-14 weeks of pregnancy.
This is to assess your chance of having a baby with these conditions. Edwards' syndrome is also called Trisomy 18 or T18, and Patau's syndrome is also called Trisomy 13 or T13.